Mr.Jonathan Mirsky published this article in 1999, but I could not find it on the internet; luckily I have a hard copy and it is my pleasure to share this excellent article with the world who wishes to understand important issues on PRC (People's Republic of China) as well as the Chinese culture, the article is about 13 pages long:
Jonathan Mirsky and the Dalai Lama:
Wednesday, 23 November 2016
Tuesday, 22 November 2016
The reputable Qing Historians who understand the Manchu language, have successfully established that:
"Mandarin is today the Sinitic language characterized by the least number of tones and the largest share of polysyllabic vocabulary, with a tendency towards suffixal morphology and syntactic constructions of the Altaic type. This structural transformation has been termed the Altaicization of China. One may say that the Liaodong dialect, that came to be called Mandarin, was formed upon an Altaic underlying layer. Janhunen observes that, “with some exaggeration, Mandarin could even be characterized as a Manchurian language.” The Altaicized Lioadong Chinese dialect, or rather the language of Han Chinese bannermen, was taken to Beijing by the Manchu conquerors, and in due course consolidated its position as “the language of civil servants” through the Qing civil service examination system. Called Mandarin, it was retained as the official language of modern China, reminiscent of the English that was retained as the official language of Indian in her 1950 constitution (and the 1967 amendment). The leaders of modern China, however, never delve into the origin and root of the modern Chinese language. Being immersed in Sinocentric historiography, most historians have failed to notice such a “linguistic conquest.”"